Introduction – Do Animal lives matter? Yes, it does matter they also have feelings like human have feelings. In India, millions of cases of animal cruelty are happening but there are no single action was taken place by police. In 5 years 19,028 cases of animal cruelty were recovered in Mumbai but there were no single arrest or conviction was taken. Animal cruelty means when someone hurt animals and cause unnecessary pain to them or does not take care of animals. So, you people may think that how much cruelty is happening in India so, here are the rights that protect animals from the cruelty of humans. 15 Animal Rights in India that every citizen should know – To protect animals from the cruelty of humans. India has some of the great provisions to safeguard animals in the world. Did you know it is illegal to incite or organize animal fights? many people are not aware of these facts. Some lawmakers have passed these laws for the protection of animals. So, here are some rights which every Indian citizen should know. 1. Under Article 51 A (g) of the Fundamental Duties says that every citizen of India should have humanity/pity towards all living creature. 2. According to Section 428 and 429 of Indian Penal Code says that if any person commits mischief by killing, poisoning, maiming or rendering useless any animal or animals of the value of ten rupees or upwards shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to 2 years, or with fine, or with both. 3. If any person abandons any animal for any reason he/she is punishable under Section 11 (1) (i) of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act,1960. 4. In law Rule 3 of The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act,1960 slaughterhouse rule, 2001 and Rule 4 of Food safety and standard regulations, 2011 talks about that no animal (including chickens) can be slaughtered in any place other than a slaughterhouse. A Sick or pregnant animal shall not be slaughtered. 5. A stray dog can’t be relocated by any person or authority. Only specified groups may capture them for sterilization and release. 6. Neglecting an animal by denying her to give sufficient food, shelter, water or by keeping him chained/confined for long hours. He/she shall be punished under Section 11 (1) (h) of The prevention of cruelty to animals act, 1960. 7. It is illegal and punishable to own monkeys and parakeets. 8. Bears, monkeys, tigers, lions, bulls and panthers cannot be trained or used for entertainment purposes shall be punishable under Section 22 (ii) of The prevention of cruelty to animals act, 1960. 9. Animal sacrifice is illegal in every part of the country and it is given in rule 3 of slaughterhouse act 2001.

10 . Organizing, inciting or participating in an animal fight is a cognizable offence and punishable under Section 11(1) (m) (ii) and Section 11 (1) (n). 11. According to Rule 148-C and 135-B of Drugs and Cosmetic rule, 1945 if a person does cosmetic testing on any animal it is banned and that person will be punishable under this rule. 12. Testing, feeding or disturbing any animal in a zoo and littering at the zoo are both punishable offence. He/she shall be punished under Section 38(J) of Wildlife and Protection act, 1972 for the imprisonment of up to 3 years and a fine of Rs. 25,000 or both. 13. Capturing, trapping or poisoning a wild animal is punishable by law with a fine of up to Rs. 25,000 or imprisonment of 7 years or both which is prescribed under Section 9 of Wildlife and Protection act,1972. 14. Conveying or carrying animals whether in or upon any vehicle, in any manner or position which causes discomfort, pain or suffering is punishable under two central acts i.e, Section 11 (1) (d) of The Prevention of cruelty to animals act 1960, Transport of animal rules, 2001 and Motor vehicles act, 1978. 15. Disturbing or destroying eggs or nests of birds and reptiles or chopping a tree having nests of such birds and such reptiles or even attempting to do so it will constitute to hunting and attracts punishment under Section 9 of Wildlife Protection Act,1972. Recent cases of Animal Cruelty –

1. In Kerala, a pregnant Elephant dies after eating pineapple stuffed with crackers. Endangered pregnant Bison killed, fully grown Foetus chopped into pieces by poachers in Kerala. 2. Waiter strangles puppy to death in Kutch resort, Gujrat. 3. A leopard was beaten to death, its teeth and nails were removed by local people in Guwahati city, Assam. 4. In Ambala, Punjab police arrest accused in two separate cases of animal cruelty and release 34 buffalos. 5. In Hyderabad, a kitten burnt alive with lighter. 6. Two nursing students were arrested in Kolkata for killing 16 puppies. 7. A female street dog was raped by a man inside his home in Kolkata. 8. A man had unnatural sex with 3 cows in Vadodara, Gujrat. 9. 11 langurs were brutally killed and dumped near a highway in Rajasthan.

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