Education alluded as the nucleus of society has been revamped stage by stage at different times in the Indian education system. Talking about the historical journey of the education policy, the first policy was introduced in 1968 which was further changed in 1986/1992 (few changes are done in 1992) and finally, after 34 years, the third recent development in policy was done in the present era of pandemic 2020. Along with some criticisms, the process of formation has gone through various consultation involving 2 lakh suggestions from different spheres of gram panchayats (2.5 lakh), blocks (6600, ULBs (6000), districts (676).
The policy aims universal and uniform education criteria all over India giving importance to practical knowledge, language, the advanced curricular structure, and much more. Some basic features are introduced as follows at school and college level:
Some major changes along with the advantages have been criticized as well and impacted the society differently, firstly the education commission suggested 6% of GDP to be spent on education according to the policy setup in 1968 and 1986, a similar target is set up in the new NEP 2020, this aspect adds up to one more criticism as the expectations are still not met, and the current expenditure on education is 4.43% only. Secondly introducing foreign universities in India will somewhere lead to ignorance of the Indian institutions and more attraction towards foreign education.
Thirdly giving more preference to regional/local language will affect children of people in transferable jobs as India being diverse; each state has its own language, also English has been a dominant language of the internet and other subjects so far, inclination towards regional/ local languages might affect the children in future and a class divide might be created among the private schools promoting English and Govt. schools preferring languages except English.
In the era of the pandemic of COVID -19, the way with which technology is introduced in the new education policy was the need of an hour. Use of technology in teaching, making assessments, education planning, administration and management, online examination, virtual classroom, etc. will make it a successful policy which will meet the demands of the current situation in India, especially during the pandemic.
The new National Education Policy 2020 is definitely a boon to the country but not that satisfactory to not to pick holes in it along with the lacunas and its practical execution. Pioneering such policies set to hope and this policy to be the light at the end of the tunnel rendering a brighter future ahead and bringing a standard to the Indian education system globally.